Questions: Hadith-Sunnah/Bidah

Questions: Hadith-Sunnah/Bidah

Added on: Dec 23, 1996
1) I would like to verify the authenticity of an article that appeared in my local masjid newsletter this month. It informs the readers (over 700 circulation recipients) about the merit of fasting the day of the 15th of Shabaan, and offering extra nafl salaat on that night. The article quotes a single hadith from Ibn Majah that:

Ali (R) has reported that the Prophet said : When the fifteenth night of Shabaan comes, say nafl prayers and fast that day, for as soon as the sun sets that evening Allaah's illumination and Mercy decend on to the skies and He says, "Is there any servant of Mine who begs Me for pardon and forgiveness, so that I may decide to forgive him...(and it continues, ending with:)...In the same way Allaah's Mercy keeps calling to His servants all night from sunset to sunrise. [Ibn Majah]

This hadith is unauthentic. Any special acts of worship on the middle of Sha'baan constitute innovation (bid'ah). The only authentic hadith states, "On the miidle night of Sha'baan, Allaah looks down at his servants, and forgives all of them, except a Mushrik or a Mushaahin (one who fights with other Muslims). So what is worse than contending with the Prophet himself by innovating in his Sunnah during this night. Thus one should avoid doing so if he wishes to receives Allaahs forgiveness.

Added on: March 10, 1997
2) Please can you explain what is the dividing line between bid'ah that takes one out of Islaam and one which does not.

The first kind is that which involves major matters of disbelief, such as that of the Qadyanis whose bid'ah is that Muhammad was not the last prophet, and the ash'aris who suspend some of Allaah's attributes.

Also if someone adheres to bid'ah which is against the ijmaa of Ahl us Sunnah e.g tahreef in the attributes of Allaah and they have the daleel explained to them e.g quotations of ijmaa from ulema (e.g Ibn Abdul Barr) re:the falseness of tahreef, yet they still hold to tahreef and view this as correct then if the person has the excuse of ignorance removed do they become a mubtadi muslim or kaafir.

Not every one who does an act of kufr can be considered kaafir. You never know, maybe the truth was not explained to them properly. Thus, we must give them the benefit of doubt. This is the manhaj of the greatest scholars of ahl us-Sunnah through the ages.

Added on: March 10, 1997
3) After the fard prayers, the imam at the mosque says a du'a out loud. Everybody raises their hands and keeps saying 'ameen'. When the imam is finished, they all wipe their faces with their hands. Is this way in agreement with the sunnah ? I always thought that when you make a du'a that it is a private affair between you and Allah, and, therefore, should be made alone. Also, is it the sunnah to wipe the face with the hands when finished ?

You are right, both of these actions are innovations (bid'ahs) since they are not reported as having been practiced by the Prophet or his companions. Wiping the face is only reported after reading the last 3 surahs before going to bed. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Miscellaneous I would like to know why christains and jews are considered KHUFRS and not more or less call Ahl-Kitab or People of the Book. Are these terms similiar or different because most muslims i know consider them khufrs while some consider them people of the book or some say even both.

They are disbelievers, but are a special subset of kuffaar: those to whom divine revelations were previously sent. Allah described them with both descriptions, as in Surat al-Bayyinah (98).

Added on: March 10, 1997
4) This is in regards to the question related to hanging plaques and other such things with ayahs from the quran. Does the fact that this is a bid'a also mean that the covering of the Ka'ba with the ayahs from the quran also a bid'a? How did the weaving of the ayahs on the cover (sitara) of the ka'ba begin?

Yes it is -- unfortunately. Shaykh al-Uthaymeen stated this in one of his old fatwas. When it started? Allaah knows best, but not at the time of the Prophet or his companions.

Added on: March 10, 1997
5) Is it bidah to make thikr with men in a circle chanting Allaah's (SWT) name?

Yes, because it is an innovated act of worship not practiced by the Prophet or his sahaabah.