Questions: Fundamentals/Salaat

Questions: Fundamentals/Salaat

1) I know the evidence about making straight prayers in congregion prayers. I'd like to know the evidence of joining foot to foot and shoulder shoulder during the prayers, rather then only joining shoulders. Jazak Allah Khair.

In the hadith of Annuman bin Bashir: "You either straighten your lines, or Allah will make your faces/hearts differ" [ Bukhari, Muslim,...] In an authentic report of this same hadith in Abu Dawud and Ibn Hibban, he says that when the Prophet SAWS said this, "I saw the man attaching his shoulder to his neighbor's, and his knee to his knee, and his heel to his heel" A detailed article on this subject is planned for Hudaa in the near future inshallah.

2) Assalaamu 'alekum, Could you please provide the proofs used by the ulema, for and against the establishment / or making of a second jamaa'at in a masjid ? [ I would greatly appreciate a detailed response ]

Against: many texts, including that even during battle time, Muslims are not allowed to make 2 Jamaa'aat, but pray as 2 consecutive groups behind same imam.

For: that the Prophet SAWS allowed a person to give sadaqah to a late person by making a jamaa'ah with him.

The response to the latter is that this is a limited case that only holds when one of the two persons had already prayed with the original Jamm'ah. It cannot be generalized.

3) What if you break wudoo (unintentionally) during salaat? Does the salah need to be made up?


4) What is the Sunnah of what is to be recited during sajdah while reciting/reading the Qur'an? (e.g Surah 'alaq)

Same as regular sujood.

5) What are the Sunnah adhkaar after tasleem in Salah? Are they said out loud? Are they "group adhkaar?"

Many recorded in the Sunnah, such as "Astaghfirullah" 3 times, "Allahumma antassalaam ...", tasbeeh 33 times, etc. This should be said privately and silently.

6) We were once praying and all of a sudden a group of people (including a mature woman) passed in front of us (between us and the Imam). Do we have to repeat the Salah?

No - only if she passed in front of the imam. You can review an article on Sutrah that we had in Hudaa early this year.

7) Is it permissible to give the adhaan before performing Friday Prayers in someone's apartment? How about when praying the daily prayers at home (with no masjid nearby, or within hearing distance). Is the Adhaan permissible then?

It is not only permissible- it is OBLIGATORY. Same true about the case of a person praying by himself.

8) One person says that in the Urdu translation of a compilation of Ahadeeth by Abu Dawud, there is a chapter entitled "how to sit during the fourth raka'ah" or something like that. In the text, it says that one should sit mutawarrikan IN THE TASHAHHUD THAT CONTAINS THE SALAAM. Noting that this is general, he wondered if that includes the second rak'ah of Fajr, for example.

In Albaanee's Siffat Salaat, it says one should sit muftarishan, with the reference being: "Nasaa'i (1/173) with a saheeh isnaad."

He wants to know if he's safe in assuming that the Abu Dawud text is talking about sitting mutawarrikan in only the 4th. rak'ah.

Yes, this is it.

9) What is the Hukm of having a strong urge to go to the bathroom and praying in that state due to laziness to repeat the wudoo again.

The prayer holds (i.e., it counts as having been performed), however, one loses the ajr in proportion to his loss of concentration due to his problem.

10) Can you please tell me about the prayer that is herd on the speakers in the mosque. Is it part of the Quran? Do you have an English translation of it?

This is called Athaan. It is not part of the Quran. Some translations of it are available in English books on prayers.

11) Is there ant Hadith that prohibits praying with your Shoulder exposed? As in wearing your (top) underwear while praying?

Yes. It says: "Let not any of you pray in a single dress without covering his shoulders."

12) Please let me know the proper way to pray sitting. I have a physical disability that prevents me from praying the nromal way. Also, when I'm in the masjid, where do I sit, in the back of the room, or where?

You pray sitting on the floor or on a chair, bowing down for rukoo and sujood, making your sujood lower than your rukoo. You can pray in the front lines like a normal person.

13) I try to pray Isha with Jama. Yesterday a brother told me that it is wrong to pray behind these Imams since their prayer is not correct. He said that they do not even start the prayer correctly. According to this brother, If you recite "Niyat" before saying Allah O'Akbar, your Salat is wasted since you are only allowed to say "Niyat" in the heart. He further asked me to bring evidence from either Quran or Sunnah, where it is instructed or said, that you can recite the "Niyat."

The intention should be in the heart, and should not be said out loud. If the imaam does not know this, then he is ignorant, but we cannot say that his prayer is invalid, nor that of the people praying behind him.

14) The question is as follows. If the imam is leading salaat and during salaat, he breaks wudoo', what does the jama'ah do? Should they stop praying, should someone step forward or do they pray individually? Please support the answer with evidence. Also, what does the imam do once he has performed wudoo'?

The imaam should pull someone forward to continue the leading the prayer. This was practiced by Umar and others among the Salaf. When the imaam returns, he should joing the Jamaa'ah like a new comer.

15) A brother works for a company where the CEO is supposed to be Muslim. However, the CEO (who is supposed to be Muslim) does not pray at all. He also does not allow his Muslim employees to pray at work although he does not mind if they go to the mosque to perform their prayers even during working hours (Zuhr, Asr, etc) He may use any excuse to prevent them from praying at work. This is obviously a very awkward situation to be in because he is meant to be a Muslim. So the questions are as follows :

1)Should the brother make a big issue of the prayer (i.e. not being allowed to pray at work) or just accept that he can go and pray in the mosque? The only issue with praying at the mosque is that he has to make up for the time it takes him to drive down to the mosque and back to work. So he ends up working extra time every day.

If he has no other option, then he must do this as long as he is on this job.

2)Of course praying in the mosque is much greater reward but does he earn the reward for actually praying at the mosque or does it just count as anormal prayer since he is going there involuntarily because he cannot pray at work?

Yes, he gets the reward - otherwise he would be praying at home or at a friend's.

3)If he explains to his CEO the importance of Salat and asks him to join in the prayer as well, but the CEO continues as is - should he then leave this job as a means of Inkar on his CEO ?

This varies with the situation. please refer to our answer to your other question on inkar.

16) If someone wakes up late for Salat Al Fajr wich should he pray first The Sunna or The Fard?

Keep the order in which they were missed. The assumption, of course, is that he did not miss them intentionally and that he took the means to wake up on time.

17) I am reponsible for waking up my brothers for Fajr Prayer since my father is away but the problem is that evey time I want to wake them up it takes me a time that ranges from 5min - 1 hour and it sometimes disturbs my mood and puts me under tension because I have been told before by more than one member of the house that that is all I care about, disturbing people from their sleep and it is only because I want to be bossy. In other words it is not always convenient for me to stay waking up my brothers ( who are 15 yrs old) what should I do

Remind him before going to bed of your intention to wake him in the morning. Advise him to sleep early and wake up early. Read to him hadiths regarding the importance of praying on time, and the blessing of waking up early. Throw light droplets of water on his face to help wake him up faster.

18) I always say "zikr" after every salat but unfortunately I am now doing it as a routine and I don't make "Tadabur" anymore ( I always say it after each and every Salah ie Tasbih, Surat AlAhad, Alfalaq, Alnas, Ayat Al Kursi etc. Sometimes when I want to do something right after Salah , I stay until I finish it and I hear a voice inside saying ( How can you not make Zikr after Salah , you should be ashamed of Yourself). My Question is ( and ofcourse Allah knows best) Is this voice Shaytan trying to make me fed up of Zikr until I leave it one day? (because I read in Al Wala Wal Bara some sayings of Ibn AlQayem saying that shaytan stars with Shirk and if he can't get you , he will concentrate on Bidaa, if he can't get you he will concentrate on Making you leave Ta'at and so on and he also mentioned that shaytan comes to you from a nice face and fools you (ie you might even think that he is an Angel advising you). How can I tell if the voice speaking to me is shaytan or not if even ! shaytan advises you to do something good so you will end up somehow doing bad. How do we reveal his "Kayd" ( Inna Kaidashaytana kana da3ifa )

The required elements in any deed to make it acceptable are two: (1) sincerity and pure interntion for Allaah (Ikhlaas) (2) agreement with the Prophet's SAWS Sunnah. Thus, if you know that a specific action (such as Thikr after prayer) is part of the Sunnah, all you need to do is concentrate on your intention without worrying about the whispers of Satan. If you find yourself losing concentration sometimes, do not take this as excuse to stop doing the Sunnah - rather, work on improving your concentration by avoiding anything that would distract you from your thikr, prayer, etc. Even if you understand just a few things of what you are saying, that is better than to miss it totally.

19) I have heard that it is not sunnah to raise the hands in dua after the fard salat. Exactly when can we raise the hands in dua and what and what is the precise manner in which we should raise them.

Between athaan and Iqaamah, or at any other open, unrestricted, time - preferably when the supplications are more acceptable. You open your hands as if you are expecting something to be put in them, with the palms straight and open, facing the sky. You raise them to the level of your shoulders or higher depending on the urgency of the supplication. You DO NOT rub you face with them after finishing, but only drop them to your sides.

20) Since we live in Dar-ul-Kufr, there is obviously very little chance for anyone to hear an athan for any of the salawaat. If one has intention to fast any of the days that the Prophet SAWS fasted, how should we determine when is Fajr. I am under the impression that the so-called calculated times are bid'ah. So, how do I determine when to stop eating. How does the hadeeth about the stopping of eating apply to this sort of society?

Even in Muslim countries, the athaan is mostly given much before the correct fajr time. You can use the calculated times as an approximation (using 15 degrees NOT 18) and then look out for dawn on a few clear mornings away from city lights in order to confirm. The correct fajr time is usually LATER than the calculated time.

Also, are the two raka'at to greet the masjid wajib, sunnah muakkadah, etc? What is its level of importance? They are obligatory.

21) Do you think it would be 'sufficient' to utter shahadaa without "Muhammadun resuuluAllah" at the end , 'to play it safe'?

No it is not sufficient. The Kuffaar of Makkah were willing to say that, but would not acclaim Muahammad SAWS as the Messenger. That did not save them. Neither would it save any Christian or Jewish who learns the truth about Muhammad and rejects him. This is established in the text of the Quran (end of Surat Muhammad, and at-Tawbah), many authentic hadiths, and the absolute consensus of the Sahaabah and their followers (which is by itself an evidence, as the Quran and Sunnah indicate). Playing it safe is to play it right. There is only one right way. You are advised to review our sequence of articles on loving the messenger, which appeared in Hudaa from about a year on.

I think Quran-only people have a valid point here and while I don't want to go against the overall consensus,

Sorry, but they have no valid point. How can they when they rejected Islam and the Quran itself by claiming to be "Quran-only"!?

I cannot convince myself to deviate from a phrase explicitly spelled out in Quran.

And how about the tens of texts commanding to obey the Messenger and adhere to his Sunnah, and warning those who deviate from that of a severe punishment?

So, regardless of whether it's ok to utter our beloved prohet's name in the shahadaa, which approach would be safer?

There is only ONE safe approach, as indicated above, and as he said, "I have been commanded to fight people until they testify that there is no god except Allaah, and that I am the Messenger of Allaah."

22) When praying in jumat, should one step to the wall as a sutra to finish the raka that they have missed or should you just stand in the line as your were when you were in the salaah. Which ever is the sunnah i will accept inshaallah

If you can step forward without excessive walking, do so. Otherwise, stay in your place.

23) I have heard that it is permissable not to go to the masjid for the compulsory salat, specifically fajr and isha (refering to the brothers). The proof for this is apparently(?) a hadith which talks about not having to pray in congregation if you cannot hear the athan, because of distance. I do know of the hadith which the Prophet SAWS says that he would burn down the houses of those who did not show up for salat if there had been no women or children in the houses.

The hadith says that the Prophet SAWS was about to burn the houses of those who did not come to the Jamaa'ah. There is no mention of women and children. Attending the Jamaa'ah is obligatory for those who live at a reasonable distance from the mosque that, if the call to the prayer were given with a loud voice from a high place (in the abscence of noise, traffic, etc), it would reach them. Otherwise, it would be very recommended for the various rewards.

24) I've heard conflicting advice regarding this. Some say women shouldn't go to a masjid, but instead to perform salah at home. Others say it is ok for women to go to a masjid. Isn't praying in congregation more rewarding? And personally I try to attend every salat al-jum'a because I find the khutba educational and it helps me stay close to Islam. What do the Ahadeeth and Qur'an say regarding women going to masajid?

It is better for men to pray in congregation. Women are allowed to pray in the mosque, but they get more reward if they pray at home. If the mosque is a place to get Islamic education that a woman cannot access otherwise, let her by all means go, provided that she is properly dressed and not wearing perfume.

25) This is regarding wiping while performing wudoo'. Can one consider khuffs to be also modern day socks? In addition, can one wipe over any shoe? Furthermore, if one wipes on his socks or shoes (or sneakers) and he takes them off, has the wudoo' been invalidated?

All of the mentioned items fall under the "kuff" "na`l" or "Jawrab" on which the Prophet or his companions made mash. Also, Ali reported that he took off his shoes after mash and prayed. Thus taking them off does not invalidate the wudu.

26) I have some mirrors in my home, and a sister informed me that I may not prayer near mirrors. Is this correct?

We are not aware of any such prohibition. Ask her for her evidence, and tell her that she cannot give verdicts without it. Some people consider the mirror a form of pictures, which is not true. The only situation in which praying would be disliked in the presence of mirrors is when you are directly facing the mirror, because that would interfere with your concentration and keeping your mind on your prayer.

27) I have read the information you provided concerning the Sutrah, and have distributed copies to others. However, I am unclear what one is to do for a sutra while praying Sunnah prayers in the mosque (especially during Ramadan when the mosque is packed, many times people praying in the row in front of you get up and move from their place, or others will step out of their row and pass in front of you to get out of the mosque or have the children running in the rows.)

Try to pray next to a wall, a pillar, or some other fixed object. If not possible, pray toward a person who seems to be staying long enough for you to finish your prayer. If this does not work either, the place something in fron of you such as a little stool or your purse. All of this is said assuming, of course, that you are praying individually. In Jamaa'ah, only the Imaam needs a Sutrah.

28) I read your article on your home page about things to avoid during prayer. In number 6 you mentioned that it is not recommended to raise the hands for every takbeer after the first in janaza, eid or rain prayers. Insha'Allah i was wondering if you could give me your evidence for this, like the specific hadith which mentions this and or fatwas etc by major scholars.

This is the fatwaa of al-Albaani for instance, based on that the hadiths do not describe raising the hands after the first takbir. Also, refer to my book: Celebrations in Islam (where I do not fully agree). Finally, you can contact the author of the article and let him respond.

29) We muslims work and study at a teaching hospital in _____ and we number more than 50. We have established salatul jumu'ah on the campus as well as some daily salawat. Because of space availability, class scheduling and patient care, the time for Jumu'ah has been fixed at 12:15pm. Sometimes this conflicts with the time that salatul thuhr actually comes in. My question is:

  1. Is it permissible to establish the salatul jumu'ah here?
  2. Is it permissible to pray the salatul jumu'ah before thuhr time in this instance? What should we do?
This is urgent.

You may pray the Jumu'ah at any place. Those who require it to be prayed in a Masjid have no strong evidence to support their position. As for the time to pray it, it can be before thuhr time, as it is confirmed that the Prophet () used to finish the khutbah and the prayer just before the time of thuhr.

30) I would like to know why we pray the way we do...why in rakats and why 2 for fajr, 4 for zuhr, 3 for maghrib etc?

Because we believe in Allaah, His Messenger, and the message that he () brought, which carries the instructions that Allaah wants us to follow in order to prosper and succeed in both lives. We are not given a specific reason for everything. And this is why Allaah described the believers in the beginning of Surat ul-Baqarah as being those who believe in al-ghayb (the unperceivable world beyond our human senses).

31) 1.) Let's say that the imam is leading the prayer with only two men behind him and one of those men loses his wudu. Does the remaining man behind the imam stay where he is standing or stand next to the imam?

Move forward to the right of the imaam.

2.) What if it is the imam who loses his wudu? Where does the maudin continue the prayer? Which rakat.

In this case, he leaves and pulls a person to lead in his place. That person continues from where the imaam left. In the case where only two people were praying behind him, he motions the one to the left to lead, and the two persons do not have to move, except as much as needed for the imaam to come close to a Sutrah.

32) Is it allowed to give Jumua'h Khutbah by two different people. If yes please give some reference from Quran and Sunnah if possible.

If you mean two people at the same time, the answer is obviously no. If you mean two or more people take turns on different fridays, the answer is yes, because the salaf, from the Prophet's time down, have done that, as no one person was always giving the khutbah all the time. However, it is best to have the person with the best knowledge of Quran and Sunnah lead most of the time.

33) What I know is that Making and taking part in a congregational Du'ah is a Bida'. Is that right and are there any circumstances in which it is allowed. Again reference from Quran and Sunnah will be greatly appreciated.

This is bid'ah if it is practiced regularly. But it may be done on some occasions, for specific reasons, and not necessarily at the end of the second khutbah. An example is the man who entered the masjid while the Prophet () was delivering the khutbah and told him how the people are suffering because of a drought. So the Prophet () raised his hands and made du'aa for rain until people were able to see the whiteness of his armpits.

34) I would like to know what is the protocol for making salah after the jumaat has prayed. For example is it permissible to form another jumaat and would this be audible or inaudible?

It is not permissible to hold a second Jamaa'ah in the same masjid. We have elaborated on this in a full article in last issue of Hudaa. As for whether to pray loud or not, it should be consistent with the manner of praying that particular prayer, but not to the extent of disturbing other people who are praying in the same masjid.

Added on: Nov 11, 1996
35) There are two masjids in my city. One claims to be following the Qur'an and Sunnah; the other is a ___________ mosque. In the Qur'an and Sunnah masjid there is also an Islamic school. In the school there are many pictures and often children bring idols and statues (eg. He-man, power rangers) into the school, which is enclosed within the same building as the musulla. In the other mosque I have not seen pictures. So I would like to know if it is better to make the fard salaat in the Qur'an and Sunnah masjid, __________ masjid, or outside. Also, what about jumma. Also, the imam of the Qur'an and Sunnah masjid told me and another salafi brother that Allah is everywhere. Subhana Allah. Jazzakum allah khairun.

Following the Quran and Sunnah is by actions not claims. This Imaam seems to have deviant beliefs and practices (from what you say). You should advise him and see how he reacts. As for the toys and statues, they do not affect the prayer since they are in a different room, even though within the same enclosure.

Added on: Nov 11, 1996
36) When praying salat at home is it permissible for my wife to pray besides me?

No she must pray behind you - unless the place is so tight for two lines, in which case she should step as far back as possible from your position.

Added on: Nov 11, 1996
37) You recently answered my question regarding my wife not being allowed to pray Namaaz alongside of me - would you please substantiate this statement with references so that I might be able to look up and write an article we are producing at the local mosque.

Many proofs, including the following pieces of evidence:

Added on: Nov 11, 1996
38) What are the correct timings regarding Prayer , I mean : until when is my Isha Prayer not considered late if it the time that Isha comes in is 8:30 pm and Fajr being 6:15 am ... didn't the Prophet prefer making it late ? if so , then how late ? what about Maghrib ? can someone Pray it just before Isha (20 minutes before?)

Ishaa ends at the middle of the night. So if Maghrib is at 7:15 and Fajr at 6:15, the night is 11 hours, and half of that is 5.5 hours. Adding this to Maghrib time, the middle of the night is at 12:45a in this example. Maghrib can be prayed up to the disappearance of the red light from the sky, which is ishaa time. But the best and most virtueous time is during the very first few minutes, before the stars become visible in plenty.

Added on: Nov 11, 1996
39) Regarding the hadeeth of wiping over the shoes for Wudu, from my limited arabic the word for shoes and socks are the same ie Khuffs,in both the hadeeths although in English a distinction is made (Muhsin Khan Translation). Could you explain this. Also is it permissible to pray with socks even though you did wudu by wiping over the shoes.

It is authentically reported that the Sahabah wiped over all sorts of foot-wear (jawrabayn, khuffayn, na`layn). If you wipe over your shoes, and then take them off, your wudu is still valid and you can pray (Ali's hadith). However, if you break your wudu, and then put your shoes back on, you cannot wipe on them again -- but you can still wipe on the socks.

Added on: Nov 11, 1996
40) Should the woman be covered (head piece...etc.) when she calls athan (when praying at home) ?

First it should be noted that women are not required to give athaan or iqaamah before they pray. There are some hadeeths in this meaning, but are all weak. However, this has been authentically reported to be the understanding of the Salaf such as `Ataa', Mujahid, al-Hasan, etc.

Second, if they give athaan, they get rewards for that, because it is a form of thikr.

Third, if they wish to give athaan among themselves, without men hearing them, they do not have to be fully covered, as long as they are modestly dressed as they would with their mahrams. There is nothing to require covering the head in this case.

Added on: Nov 11, 1996
41) Should the woman take down her hair if it is pinned up before she prays?

No -- except if she pinned it for the purpose of praying, which she should not, then she must untie it.

Added on: Nov 11, 1996
42) If I pray the Witr Prayer before going to bed, can I still pray Tahajjud prayer? I've been told that the Witr Prayer should be the last prayer.

This is clearly expressed in an authentic hadeeth -- that witr should be the last thing to pray. If you plan to wake up at night to pray tahajjud, do not pray witr before going to sleep. If you pray witr before sleep, not intending to wake up and pray at night, and you do wake up, you may pray two rak'aat (as the Prophet (S) did), make them long, and read Qur'aan and supplicate as long as you want.

Added on: Nov 11, 1996
43) I have heard that a breastfeeding women is allowed to combine her prayers. Is this permissable? If so, until what age of the child can a women continue this practice?

You need to get the evidence from those who told you this, which we do not believe to exist. It should be noted that combining prayers (Zuhr with Asr, or Maghrib with Ishaa) is a permissible rukhsah (facility) that any person may do, but unoccasionally and without making it a habit.

Added on: Nov 11, 1996
44) There are prayers to be performed when you come across with a problem and don't know which way to go, then you turn to Allah and He guides which way to go. If you know about these prayers could you please let me know that how, what and when to pray in detail, or atleast you could tell me where can I find the answer.

This is called salaat ul-Istikhaarah. When you start to have the intention to do something important you pray two rak'aat sunnah prayer, and then say the du'aa of istikhaarah, which you can find in various books of du'aa, such as "Authentic supplications."

Added on: Nov 11, 1996
45) What should a person do if he is in his last tashshahud and he breaks wind. Should the person redo wudu and then perform the pray again?

Yes, because wudoo in a condition for prayer. One should preserve tahaarah throughtout the prayer. The evidence of those who say that he builds upon what he has already prayed is not very convincing.

Added on: Nov 11, 1996
46) A person who say is at the front row and he breaks wind and then leaves the row to do his wudu. Should a person from the row behind him move forward to fill the gap?

Yes. It is an obligation on Muslims to fill the gaps in prayer, since the Prophet commanded this.

Added on: Nov 11, 1996
47) Is it permissible for a woman or a group of sisters to pray the Taraaweeh prayers at home or in a group at sisters home? If yes, can the sister leading the prayer (or if praying alone can one) hold the Qur'an and recite from it if she has not memorized it?

Yes, they may pray at home, as this was done by Aaishah (R). They do not have to know the whole Quran by heart. If they know enough to pray a reasonable length, that is better than to carry the Mushaf.

Added on: Nov 11, 1996
48) Amongst the so called scholars of the indo-pak-sub continent are those who say that wearing a prayer cap when praying is either compulsory of is a very very good sunnah. I would like you to clarify this position, because every time i go to pray to any such mosques, i am boged down by these people admonishing me for not wearing a prayer cap (eg: the one ahmad deedat wears). Is it a bidaa - what they are doing and saying and insisting on?

No. It is sunnah, because it was the practice of the Prophet and his companions to cover their heads most of the time, especially when they wanted to appear proper and dressed well, as is supposed to be the case for one going to pray.

But there is no proof that it is required. And to place caps at the door of the mosque for people to wear them is surely a bid'ah that was not practiced in any of the Salaf's mosques.

Added on: Dec 23, 1996
49) I'm writing this email as an extension to the answer which you gave to question #23 in the section of Salaat. You wrote that there was no mention of women or children in the hadith of burning the houses of those who did not attend the Jamaa'h.

While reading fiqh from Al-Albany at the university of essex Islamic Society site, I came across this statement from Al-Albany:

And the Messenger ordered every fit and well Muslim to pray in the Mosque and desired to burn those who remained in their houses - as occurs in 'Saheeh al-Bukhaaree' and 'Saheeh Muslim' from Aboo Hurairah. He (SWS) did not burn the houses because of the presence of women and children on whom Prayer in the mosque is not obligatory.

We'll try to supplement the answer with this, Jazakallahu khayran.

Added on: Dec 23, 1996
50) My brother and I make most of our salat together and we have a dissagreement. I heared from the book Zaad el maad that the Prophet(pbuh) used to take a break after reciting the Fatiha. My brother says that it is so the person being led in prayers has a chance to recite the Fatiha. When is the led supposed to recite AL Fatiha? With the Imam or during the small break? I could not find this info in SIFAT SALLTU NABI, so I would appreciate an answer. Jazak Allahu khair.

There is no authentic evidence for such a break after faatihah. The correct opinion of the scholars is that the followers of the imaam should remain silent and listen to him when he recites aloud. This will count to them as if they read it, and would not violate any other rule.

Added on: Dec 23, 1996
51) If my mother calls me while I am praying a voluntary prayer...must I respond?...and is the same true for my father?

Yes, you must interrupt your prayer and answer them, because this is an obligation compared to the voluntary prayer. However, if you can tell from the tone of their voice that there is no urgency in their call, and that they would normally wish you to finish praying before responding, you can then shorten your prayer a little and answer them. For further understanding of this, we refer you to the story of Jurayj in issue 5/6 of al-Muminah.

Added on: Dec 23, 1996
52) If a prayer comes in, and shortly there after a woman starts her menses, before the start of the next prayer, does she have to make up that prayer when her menses are over?

Yes, because she was clean for some time during that prayer's time, which makes it an obligation on her.

Added on: Dec 23, 1996
53) If I pray salat-ul-'isha in the masjid with the jama'ah, and i return home and my wife has not prayed 'isha yet, is there any benefit, for her or for me, for us to pray this salah together? (obviously it would be her fard salah, and nafil for me)

You could do this, as Mu'aath used to pray Ishaa with the Prophet and then go and lead a Jamaa'ah soewhere else. In this case, you help your wife get the reward of Jama'ah, and you get a similar reward inshallaah.

Added on: Dec 23, 1996
54) If the imaam in the prayer does not say aloud the ameen at the end of the fatiha, should the followers pronounce the ameen aloud.

Yes, because the Prophet (S) said: "Pray as you saw me pray." And he was described to rasie his voice with it. It the imaam does not say it, give enough time for him to say it had he wanted to, then say it loud.

Added on: Jan 3, 1997
55) when praying at home (I am a male) I have to call adhan or is just Iqama ok? What is the daleel on this?

Yes you should do both. The daleel is that the Prophet commanded the man who did not pray properly to give athaan, then iqaamah, then pray.

Added on: Feb 1, 1997
56) When praying at home (I am a male) I have to call adhan or is just Iqama ok? What is the daleel on this?

Yes you should do both. The daleel is that the Prophet () commanded the man who did not pray properly to give athaan, then iqaamah, then pray.

Added on: Feb 1, 1997
57) Please clarify your answers/comments with authentic ahadeeth/Qur'anic proof to the following which you stated in the section on Salah:

1. Women are permitted to attend the masjid but get more reward for performing salah at home. Where is this said?

2. Women shouldn't perform salah with their hair pinned up (this includes a 'ponytail'?). Many Muslimas do so because if their long hair is left hanging it protrudes beyond the scarf and thus is visible.

  1. The prophet () said, "The best prayer for a women is that in the depth of her house." [al-Haakim, etc from Umm Salamah. As-Saheehah 1396.]
  2. The prohibition of tying the hair, head cover, or sleeves, applies to men only. As for women, they should do what is needed to preserve their proper cover.
Wallaahu a`lam.

Added on: Feb 1, 1997
58) Is it permissable to pray salaat on a foam/ cushion mattresses. Recently a brother donated one inch cushion matresses to our masjid to make it comfortable to brothers who find it difficult to pray on the floor. This as usual in any muslim community has raised controversy with one group saying it is "mukroo" while others refer to different mosques which infact use thick soft carpets/cushions. Kindly assist and guide us on this matter preferably with hadees or fatwas.

One should come as close to the ground as possible, as the Prophet () said: "Rub against your mother the earth, because it is kind toward you." As people start adding more carpets and layers between them and the earth, they move away from the status of submission and humility that they are supposed to display before their Lord. Thus, unnecessarily thick layers of foam or carpet are definitely makrooh (disliked) -- to say the least, wallaahu a`lam.

Added on: Feb 1, 1997
59) There is a hadith that says we should leave time between Sahoor and fajr and that is the reciting of 50 ayah. Does this mean we should stop Sahoor this much before Fajr time, or does this mean once Fajr starts we should give this much time, and we can eat until Fajr. I know the hadith about Rasulullah telling people that they could continue eating after the first adhaan notifying people Fajr is near.

The hadeeth states that there was between the two athaans the amount of time enough for reciting 50 aayaat. For suhoor, it is best to delay it as much as possible, which means to the time of actual fajr, as is stated in Surat al-Baqarah. Wallaahu a`lam.

Added on: Feb 1, 1997
60) I know that we have to close gaps between us when we pray (shouldr to shoulder and heel to heel) for men. Does this cover women too?

Yes, everything for men applies to women as well, unless there is a clear distinction made in the Sunnah between the two. For more info, refer to "The Prophet's Prayer Described."

Added on: March 10, 1997
61) I just want to learn how massah 'rubbing wet hands on socks for performing wadoo' is done on socks and what kind of socks could be used to do so. I usually wear think (and sometime of medium thickness) cotton socks after performing vadoo and when I have to make vadoo again next time I rub my wet hands on socks. Is that ok?

What if socks are worn out in some areas or torn? Is that ok to do massah on such socks too?

You just pass your wet hand on the upper side of your socks (from the tows up.) It does not matter what kind of material is your socks made from, or whether they have holes in them.

Added on: March 10, 1997
62) I would like to know what the opinion of the salaf is in regards to the number of raka'ahs for the taraweeh prayer. If I am praying in a masjid where they pray twenty raka'ahs, is it better for me to do eight raka'ahs or to finish when the Imam has finished

The correct number is 11, as explained in depth in our new book "the Night Prayers". If they pray 20, pray 8 or 10 with them, and pray witr alone with with others who adhere to the Sunnah.

Added on: March 10, 1997
63) We are a small muslim group of students and visitors from different countries we are not residents in Amherst, Massachusetts. Now we have a problem because some said that the right direction of QIBLAH is NORTHEAST the others said that the right direction is SOUTHEAST and we are going to split because of this. A nother problem was about the doing of JUMMAA SAlAHt we used to have in one of the classroom in the university and non of us is a resident and we are less than FOURTY ,is OK for doing it or not. Please inform me as soon as possible about the right direction of QIBLAH with documments so we can get togther again.

The correct direction is North East. This has been demonstrated in an article by Dr Muhammad al-Jibaly that was published in al-Hijrah magazine a few years ago. There were two other good articles on this subject in the Islamic Horizons about 3 years ago. Most of those who call for the SE direction follow a deviant sect called "Habashis".

As for Jumu'ah prayer, even though some math'habs require a minimum of 40 men to hold it, there is no evidence for this from the Sunnah. The correct opinion is that it may be held with as little as 3 men. Wallahu a'lam.

Added on: March 10, 1997
64) Could u please tell me if there is any soura un the Koraan that says that women must pray behind the men?

Islam is not Qur'an only -- it is the Quran and the Sunnah. In the Sunnah, the Prophet commanded women to pray as far back as possible, and this was the practice in his Masjid.

Could Women pray side by side with men as long as there is a small fence (sour) is it ok?

If they do this, the prayer is valid, but it is not according to the Sunnah. So they should not do it without a real necessity.

At the "Kaaba Al Sharifah" and also at "Masged Al Rasoul" (SAAWS), isn't it the case: "Women pray side by side with men as long as there is a small fence"

There are two answers to this (a) One may argue that there is a necessity to do it because of the large crouds that make it impossible to delay the prayer for women to move back , etc. (b) The current practice at Makkah and Madinah does not constitute an Islamic Shar'ee evidence.

Added on: March 10, 1997
65) Could you please tell me if it is permissable to pray wearing a t-shirt?

Yes, provided that your shoulders are covered (this applies to men only, of course).

Added on: March 10, 1997
66) If you arrive late for the zuhr prayer and pray the fard with the congregation do you still have to pray the 4 rakat sunnah (that comes before the fard) afterwards?

It is better if you do. It is reported that the Prophet once prayed 2 rak'aat after Asr and said that they were the post-zuhr sunnah that he missed.

Added on: March 10, 1997
67) I heard that there is a Hadith that forbids us fromwearing anything that is "folded" (pants or shirt etc) , like in folding up a pair of pants that are too long and touch the ground so that it is over your ankle...., it is difficult for me to sow my pants ....I am not good in doing it , and my mother might open a "giddal" topic with me for wanting to do so , so what should I do? fold it up and Pray with it?

You should cut your pants and sew them above the ankles, or roll them up and keep them rolled, whether in prayer or not. Read our booklet on Isbaal for more details.

Added on: March 10, 1997
68) Is it better to goto the masjid, wait for the athaan of fajr (or any salawaat) and then pray two raka'aat of sunnah before the iqamah? OR can I call the athaan at my home when fajr (or any salawaat) is present and then pray my sunnahs and then goto the masjid (assuming that I made it before the iqamah). What is the best solution since many of us live cities and cannot hear the athaan because it is called in the masjid?

It would be best to call the athaan, pray sunnah at home, go to the Masjid, pray greeting sunnah, and then pray fajr with the Jamaa'ah (assuming you did all of that before they started).

Added on: March 10, 1997
69) Is it disliked to pray isha after midnight or does the time actually end at midnight? My understanding was the latter but I was recently told that it is disliked and that all 4 imams are agreed that it is permitted to pray isha after midnight. Is this true?

Authentic hadiths are clear in that ishaa ends at the middle of the night. For example, in the hadith of Jibril, he prayed ishaa with the Prophet on the first day after the redness disappeared from the sky, and on the second day at the middle of the night, and told him "between these two times is when you pray". He also said: "The time of Ishaa is until the middle of the night." These are clear in that the middle of the night is the end of Ishaa time, which is the opinion of many scholars, and is stronger. Others say that its preferable time extends to the middle of the night, and its permissible time extends until fajr. There is no clear evidence to support this except opinion, wallaahu a'lam.

Added on: March 10, 1997
70) Also...for one who intentionally delays a compulsory prayer until beyond its time...must he make it up later...whatever the time...or is he not permitted to make it up as the time is one of the reasons for the prayer.

The scholars differ about this. The correct opinion is that the time is a condition for the prayer. One who delays it beyond its time intentionally cannot pray it afterward, as the hadith says, "whoever prays (at least) one rak'ah before sunset has fulfilled 'asr, and whoever prays (at least) one rak'ah before sunrise has fulfilled fajr." Thus, one who does not would not.

Added on: March 10, 1997
71) Is is permissible for those arriving after the khutbah has already begun to say "as-salamu alaikum" to the ones already there? I am a Muslim woman who has noticed that many Muslim women do so. Or is the khutbah part of the prayer and so any talking (except by the imam) is forbidden?

No. Once the Khutbah starts, one may not be involved in anything that distracts from listening to it, except for praying two rak'aat as Masjid greeting.

Added on: March 10, 1997
72) Also, I've seen several times Muslim women while performing salah communicating with her child by snapping her fingers and even picking up her child because the child is fussing. Doesn't this invalidate her salah?

This is an awkward situation to deal with, because if she lets the child free to do what it wants, it will disturb others and distract them from the khutbah, and if she stops him she would be violating the Prophet's to refrain from talking. Thus, she should take an intermediate course, which is to do the minimum action required to silence it, or not bring it in at all. If she did this, her salaah will not be invalidated inshallaah, because she was obliged to. If she does unnecessary actions during the khutbah, she might lose the reward of Jumu'ah, which the hadith describes as "The one who commits laghw (futile talk) has no (acceptable) Jumu'ah." Wallahu a'alam.

Added on: March 10, 1997
73) We had a discussion concerning saying salaati Nabi after Tashahud. One brother says that if one completes salat without making Darud on the prophet , his salat is invalid. Another brother said that it is highly recommended that one must say blessings on the prophet and the Prophet Ibrahim (AS) and that if it is not said, it does not violate the salat as long as tashahud is said including declaration of faith before SALAAM. What is the ruling on this issue? If the one that did not say Darud on the prophet does not have prayer, must he repeat his salat?

The Prophet commanded people to say it, and he taught them to say it in the tashahhud. He further said, "Pray as you saw me pray." Thus it is obligatory (waajib). But it is not a pillar (rukn) like rukoo' nor sujood. If one forgets to do it, his prayer is acceptable. If one drops it intentionally, then his prayer is invalid. Wallaahu a'lam.

Added on: March 10, 1997
74) If someone performs wudhoo and then proceeds to pray and then during the prayer realises or has doubt about whether or not they have performed one of the acts of wudhoo such as washing the arms,should they break their prayer or is this doubt from shaytaan trying to disturb our prayer. Did the prophet(SAWS)not say that we should not move from our place of prayer unless we hear or smell something.

One should build on certitude. Your certitude was that you did not have wudoo to start with. If you cannot confirm to yourself in any way that you have washed your hands, then you go back to your previous status of being without wudoo. Thus you should break your prayer and make wudoo. The hadith you refer to applies to the case when one is not sure whether or not he let out gas. Important warning: do not let Shaytaan play with you by making you doubtful about your actions, especially in cases where you know, for instance, that your regular practice is never to miss your hands, etc.

Added on: March 10, 1997
75) When the imam stands from rukoo' and says sami allahu liman the followers behind him also say sami allah... loudly?

They say it, because they are supposed to follow the Imaam. But not loudly, because they are not supposed to disturb others, and the imaam is the only one who may raise his voice at any point (except Aameen).

Added on: March 10, 1997
76) When are we to recite 'alhamdhu-lillahi' soorah while praying in congregation. i.e. are we to recite with the imam or after his recitation?

Do not recite it. Just listen to the imaam, and that is sufficient for you in the loud prayer.

Added on: March 10, 1997
77) You said the hukm of one who had to pray when having to relieve himself is accepted, but in Al Albaani's Prophet's Prayer under Looking at the place of prostration and humility, there is hadeeth by bukhaari and muslim which I do not recall correctly, but doesn't it make the prayer invalid? Therefore I ask, my dear brothers, knowing this hadeeth, is the ruling still makrooh and if so, why?

The hadith in that regard was not accurately translated into English; a more correct translation would be, "There is no (complete) Salaah in the presence of food, or when one is compelled by one of the two filthy needs." The word in brackets is not mentioned in the hadith, but is from the ijtihad of scholars. If one is in the presence of any of these bodily needs, concentration on his prayer will be deminished -- in proportion with the argency of the need. Thus, if one is extremely hungry, he can hardly know what he is saying, whereas if one is full, he is not affected by the presence of food. Similarly, one's concentration is reduced in proportion with his urgue to go to the toilet. Only when the urgue is so intense that one cannot understand any of his prayer would we be able to say that his prayer is invalidated. In other cases (with less intense urgue), his prayer's concentration and reward are reduced proportionally, but we cannot say that the prayer is invalid.

Added on: March 10, 1997
78) Please indicate why shaking the finger in the last sitting is recomended when, a hadith in sahih bukharee states that the finger was straightened. (I have read Al- Albani's book but do not find the explanation convincing).

There are authentic hadiths indicating that. The hadiths indicate that the finger points straight in the direction of the qiblah, and is moved quickly but slightly -- not too much up and down, left and right, or in circles, as many people do.

Added on: March 10, 1997
79) I am just wondering if you know how to perform Tasbih Prayer

There are authentic hadiths in this regard in Ahmad, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidthi, Ibn Maajah, etc. They describe it as follows:

  1. Four Rak'aat, in each rak'aah you recite al-Faatihah and another surah from the Qur'an.
  2. After recitation in each, you say 15 times "subhanallaah, wal-hamdu lillaah, walaa ilaaha illallaah, wallaahu akbar".
  3. Then you go to rukoo' and say the same 10 times.
  4. Then you stand and say the same 10 times.
  5. Then you go to sujood and say the same 10 times.
  6. Then you sit up and say the same 10 times.
  7. Then you go to sujood and say the same 10 times.
  8. Then you sit up and say the same 10 times.
You repeat this in each rak'ah, saying a total of 75x4 of these "tasbeehs". It is recommended to pray it at least once in a lifetime, and the more the better, because it erases all sins.

Added on: March 10, 1997
80) Regarding this narration that a man came to IBN UMAR and said to him i love you for the sake of ALLAH and ibn umar answered i hate you for the sake of ALLAH, for you sing the adhan, and you get paid for it. Is the adhan in makkah considered singing or how is it supposed to be made according to sunnah?

Unfortunately, most of the adthaans given in the Muslim world in our time are song in a way contradictory to the Sunnah. A correct adthaan should be said in a loud, plain, voice without introducing melody into it.

Added on: March 10, 1997
81) There is no example from Prophet Muhammad s.a.w. in performing the salat tahiyatul masjid at Mecca in masjidil haram. Our prophet whenever he visited the Kaa'ba the first thing that he does is to perform the tawaf. My question is: Can the salat tahiyatul masjid be perfom in masjidil haram.

There is no evidence that he did this every time he entered the Masjid. Correct opinion: if one is entering for Umrah, he performs the tawaaf first. Otherwise, if one enters to pray, he starts with tahiyyat ul-Masjid. [Ali al-Halabi]

Added on: March 10, 1997
82) Is it a duty or recommended to correct, in the Salaat, an Imaam who recites Al-Fatihah incorrectly by replacing every "Dhaal", "Daad", & "Zhaa" with the Z sound; i.e. "Wa laZaaleen", etc. I've noticed this among a few of our brothers from Africa and Pakistan. Thus, when no attempt is made to pronounce the correct Haroof, should we then correct them during the Salaat or should we ignore it?

Ignore it, because they cannot do much about it during the prayer, and may confuse everyone. Advise them before or after the prayer.

Added on: March 10, 1997
83) Another thing that somebody told me is that if anyone in the congregation is dissatisfied with the imaam's recitation (upon knowledge!), then the qur'an that he recites doesn't go beyond his throat!

"Anyone who leads a group of people in prayer even though they hate that, his prayer will not be raised above his head." This hadith applies to someone who forces himself on others, not one who is selected or appointed as imaam. Wallahu a'lam

Added on: March 10, 1997
84) Could you kindly clarify if it is a requirement for the katheeb (Imam) in his quthba sermon in Friday Jummah prayers to mention the prophet's companions and his immediate family members' names and what is the islamic views on this practice?

We do not know of a text from the Quran or Sunnah requiring this.

Added on: March 10, 1997
85) I am a new convert to Islam, and I am finding it hard to perform my prayers at work for the noon and midafternoon prayers. The only place clean enough is where the guest are and there is music and other activities that would distract me.Also during this time stopping to perform my prayers would cause distress because it is during the busiest time of work for me. This is the only job that I know how to do.(cooking) and by changing jobs I would still run ionto the same problems that I have now. I do not fear losing my job, but the same problems would occur. How can I handle this so that I may find favour with Allah ?

There is no compromise in regard to prayer. You have from noon until sunset to perform these two prayers. You may combine them (pray them one after the other) if you have to. But you must find a quiet clean place where you can concentrate on them If this is not possible, take a 15 or 20 minutes break to go to a closeby place such as a Masjid, your house, a friends house, etc. If none of this is possible, pray in your car sitting (or standing outside if the weather permits). If none works, look for a different job, because prayer comes first.

Added on: March 10, 1997
86) Will Allah hear my prayers Since I can only speak english until I learn Arabic?

Yes, Allaah is the creator of languages. He hears and understands even the thoughts in your heart. However, it is important to try your best to learn the various things that you say in the prayer as soon as possible. We at QSS have a small brochure teaching prayer to new Muslims. Contact us to get it.

Added on: March 10, 1997
87) In our university before starting salaah, we have a slight conflict between the brothers, whether the adhan should be made along with the iqaamah or the iqaamah be made alone. Because it is a multi cultural prayer room, we can not have a fixed time for the prayers to be made in jamaat, also the main reason being the prayer room is only big enough to support 6 or 7 brothers at any one time. Before praying should we presume someone else has given the adhan or not.

It is important to call the adthan, even if it was called before. Adthan serves two purposes: (a) announces the prayer time (which does not hold in your case) (b) A highly rewardible thikr. This holds always. In one of the reports of the hadith about the person who did not pray right, the Prophet told him, "Call adthaan, then iqaamah, then ..." Even though this was in his own Masjid where adthaan had already been called.

Added on: March 10, 1997
88) I and one other brother at my job make make Salat together most days at our work site. We have establihed the practise of performing the Sunnah As'Salat, then pronouncing the Adhan, followed immediately by short, silent individual dua'a, then the Iqama, then we commence the Fardh Salat. In some discussions with other brothers I have been told that the Sunnah for any particular Fardh Salat can only come after the Adhan for that Salat has been pronounced. Is that in fact the case? I understand that for Fajr (Subh) Salat the practise of Rasullulah (SAAW) was to do the two Sunnah (quick) rakah, then lay down until he (SAAW) heard the Adhan, then go to the masjid. Is this the specific case for Fajr; that is that the Sunnah comes before the Adhan, or a general case?

What you were told is true. As for the prophet's practice, he would pray the sunnah after adthaan, and then lay down until bilaal comes to tell him that it is time for the prayer. This is described in our book "The night Prayers".