Bukhaari , Muslim & Ibn Abi Shaibah
(12/110/2). It is given in Irwaa'
Daawood & Haakim, who declared it
saheeh and Dhahabi agreed.
It is thus in most of the narrations;
in some, it is wa ana min al-muslimeen
("I am one of the Muslims"). It is likely
that this is because of the mistake of
one of the narrators, and other evidence
points to that, so the worshipper should
say: wa ana min al-muslimeen ("I
am the first of the Muslims"). There
is nothing wrong with that, contrary
to what some people say under the impression
that this means "I am the first person
who has this quality, while the rest
of the people do not." But it is not
so; this phrase actually represents competing
to fulfil orders - similar to this is
"Say: if the Merciful God has a son,
then I am the first of the worshippers"
(Zukhruf 43:81) and the saying
of Moosa (`alaihis salam), "and I
am the first of the believers." (A`raaf
Azhari said: i.e. `I do not worship anything
other than You.'
labbaik: I am firmly & continually
present in Your obedience; sa`daik:
extremely happy under Your order and
devoutly following the deen which You
i.e. Evil cannot be traced back to Allaah
because there is nothing bad in His actions,
for they are all good, ranging from justice
to grace to wisdom, all of which are
good with no bad in them. But evil is
evil because it cannot be traced back
to Allaah. Ibn al-Qayyim (rahimahullaah)
said: "He is the Creator of good and
evil, but the evil exists in some of
His creatures, not in His act of creating
nor in His actions. Hence the Exalted
is cleared of any zulm, which
is fundamentally to put something in
other than its proper place. He does
not put anything except in its suitable
place, so that is all good. But evil
is to put something in other than its
proper place: when it is put in its proper
place it is not evil, so be sure that
evil is not from Him. ...But if it is
said: Why did He create something which
is evil? I would say: He did the creating,
and His action is good not evil, for
creation and action is with Allaah, and
it is impossible for evil to be with,
or attributed to, Allaah. Anything evil
in the created cannot be traced back
to Allaah, but His actions and His creation
can be attributed to Him, so they are
good." The rest of this important discussion
as well as its conclusion is to be found
in his book Shifaa'
al-`Aleel fi Masaa'il al-Qadaa' wal-Qadr
Muslim, Abu `Awaanah, Abu Daawood, Nasaa'i
Ibn Hibbaan, Ahmad, Shaafi'i & Tabaraani;
those who specify it to optional prayers
Nasaa'i with a saheeh isnaad.
& Daaraqutni with a saheeh isnaad.
i.e I glorify You, meaning I consider
You totally free from any deficiency.
i.e. we are submerged in Your praise.
i.e. the blessings of Your Name are great,
for great good springs from the remembrance
of Your Name.
i.e. Your Glory and Might.
Abu Daawood & Haakim, who declared
it saheeh and Dhahabi agreed. `Uqaili
said (p. 103): "this has been narrated
via several routes with good isnaads."
It is given in 'Irwaa (no. 341) Transmitted
by Ibn Mandah in At-Tawheed
(123/2) with a saheeh isnaad & Nasaa'i
as in Jaami`
Ibn Katheer (vol. 3 part 2 p. 235/2)
Abu Daawood & Tahaawi with a hasan
Muslim & Abu `Awaanah; declared saheeh
by Tirmidhi. Abu Nu`aim also narrated
it in Akhbaar Isbahaan (1/210)
from Jubair ibn Mut`am who heard the
Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam)
saying it in voluntary prayer.
Muslim & Abu `Awaanah.
i.e. You are the Giver of Light to them,
and those in them are guided by You.
i.e. the Protector and the constant Watcher
haqq: truth, reality.
Bukhaari , Muslim, Abu `Awaanah, Abu
Daawood, Ibn Nasr & Daarimi.
that clearly does not rule out using
them in the obligatory prayers also,
except for the imaam, so that he does
not prolong the prayer for the followers.
Muslim & Abu `Awaanah.
Ahmad, Ibn Abi Shaibah (12/119/2), Abu
Daawood & Tabaraani in Mu`jam
with one isnaad saheeh, and another hasan.
Tayaalisi & Abu Daawood with a saheeh