Silsilah al-Ahaadeeth ad-Da`eefah (951-2)
by Shaykh al-Albaani
is no basis for the hadeeth with this wording
as far as we know.
Ibn Hajr said in Talkhees al-Habeer (p.
90), "I do not find it with this wording,
but its meaning is related by Ibn Maajah
in the hadeeth of Bishr ibn Raafi`":
Related by Ibn Maajah (1/281) & Abu
Dawood without the addition (1/148), both
Bishr ibn Raafi` from Abu `Abdullaah,
cousin of Abu Hurairah, from Abu Hurairah
from the Prophet (sallallaahu `alaihi
Ibn Hajar said in Talkhees (p. 90), "Bishr
ibn Raafi` is weak; the cousin of Abu
Hurairah has been said to be unknown,
but Ibn Hibbaan has declared him reliable."
Boosayri said in Zawaa'id (56/1), "This
is a weak isnaad; Abu `Abdullaah's condition
is not known; Bishr was declared weak
by Ahmad, and Ibn Hibbaan said, 'He narrated
Hadeeth 2 only gives a part of the meaning
of no. 1, i.e. the saying of aameen by
the imaam alone. As for the aameen of
those behind, this could be the reason
for the phrase "the mosque trembled with
it (the sound)", but the hadeeth literally
implies that the aameen of the Prophet
(sallallaahu `alaihi wa sallam) was the
reason for this.
Related by Daaraqutni, Haakim & Baihaqi.
All the above sources contain Ishaaq
ibn Ibraaheem ibn al-`Alaa' az-Zubaidi,
also known as Ibn Zibreeq, who is weak:
Abu Haatim said, "An old man, no harm
in him"; Ibn Ma`een described him in
good terms; Nasaa'i said, "Not reliable";
Muhammad ibn `Awf said, "I have no doubt
that Ishaaq ibn Zibreeq used to lie."
However, this wording is correct in meaning,
for it has a supporting hadeeth of Waa'il
ibn Hajar with a saheeh sanad.
(Since the text of this hadeeth does
not imply the aameen of the congregation
at all, it is incorrect to regard it
as another version of hadeeth no. 2,
as Shawkaani did.)
The only support for no. 1 is what Shaafi`i
related in his Musnad (1/76) via Muslim
ibn Khaalid from Ibn Juraij from `Ataa',
has two defects:
(i) The weakness of Muslim ibn Khaalid
az-Zanji; Ibn Hajar said, "He was truthful,
but made many errors."
(ii) The `an`anah of Ibn Juraij, who
was a mudallis; perhaps he actually took
it from Khaalid ibn Abi Anoof, who narrated
it from `Ataa' as follows:
4.1- "I came across two hundred Companions
of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu
`alaihi wa sallam) in this mosque (i.e.
Masjid al-Haraam, Makkah): when the imaam
had said `Nor of those who go astray',
they raised their voices in aameen (in
one narration: I heard the thundering
sound of their aameen)."
Related by Baihaqi (2/59) & Ibn Hibbaan
in Thiqaat (2/74); the alternative narration
is from the former.
This Khaalid was described by Ibn Abi
Haatim (1/2/355-6), but he did not include
any authentication or disparagement.
Ibn Hibbaan included him among the reliable
narrators, but Ibn Hibbaan is well-known
to be far from rigorous in such cases,
so I am not satisfied that this narration
is authentic. This is because if Ibn
Juraij indeed took it from him, this
constitutes only one debatable route;
if not, we do not know from whom Ibn
Juraij took it. It seems that Imaam Shaafi`i
himself was not satisfied of the authenticity
of this narration, for his position is
contrary to it: he says in al-Umm (1/95),
"So when the imaam completes reciting
the Mother of the Book, he says 'aameen',
raising his voice so that those behind
may follow him: when he says it, they
say it to themselves, but I do not like
them saying it aloud"; had the above
narration from the Companions been authentic
in Shaafi`i's view, he would not have
opposed their action.
Hence, the most correct opinion in this
issue appears to be the madhhab of Shaafi`i:
that the imaam, but not those following,
should say `aameen' loudly. Allaah knows
But then, I saw that Bukhaari mentioned
the text (only) of the narration about
Ibn az-Zubair in his Saheeh (i.e. in
mu`allaq form), designating it with certainty.
Ibn Hajar said in Fath al-Baari (2/208),
"The connecting isnaad has been provided
by `Abd ar-Razzaaq from Ibn Juraij from
`Ataa'. He (i.e. Ibn Juraij) said, `I
said to him, "Did Ibn az-Zubair say aameen
at the end of the Mother of the Qur'aan
?" He said, "Yes, and those behind him
also said aameen, until the mosque echoed."
He then said, "Verily, aameen is a supplication".'"
This is found in the Musannaf of `Abd
ar-Razzaaq (2640/2), and from this route,
in Ibn Hazm's al-Muhallaa (3/364).
In this narration, Ibn Juraij has clarified
that he took the narration from `Ataa'
face-to-face, so we are assured of the
absence of tadlees, and the narration
of Ibn az-Zubair is established firmly.
Similarly is proven from Abu Hurairah;
Abu Raafi` said:
by Baihaqi (2/59); its isnaad is saheeh.
Hence, since nothing is established from
any of the Companions other than Abu
Hurairah and Ibn az-Zubair contrary to
their aameen aloud, this must
be accepted. Presently, I know of no
narration opposing this. Allaah knows