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Ramadan and Fasting
Abu Abdillah Abdel-Kader Kamel Tayebi al-Athari
Source: QSS Publications, al-Mu'minah Magazine
    Blessings of Ramadan
    1. Why do We Fast?

    The Essentials Elements of Siyam (Fasting)
    Actions which Nullify the Fast
    1. Intentional Eating and Drinking
    2. Sexual Intercourse
    3. Intentional Vomiting
    4. Poor Intentions
    5. Injections Containing NourishmentInvoluntary Events that Break the Fast

    Acts That are Permissible During the Fast
    1. Pouring water over one's self and submersing one's self in water
    2. Applying Kohl(*) or eyedrop or anything to the eyes
    3. Kissing and foreplay for one who has the ability to control himself
    4. Injections, eye and ear drops
    5. Cupping (Hijaamah) and blood-letting [or donation] for medical purposes
    6. Rinsing the mouth and nose
    7. Those things which one could not protect one's self from
    8. The fasting person can eat, drink, and have sexual intercourse until fajr
    9. It is permissible for the fasting person to be Junub (sexually defiled or having had intercourse or a wet dream) at the time of Fajr (that is, a person is not required to perform ghusl before fajr).
    10. Delaying the purifying ghusl (bath) from menstruation till after fajr (dawn) time.
    11. Involuntary actions

    Who is permitted to break the fast in Ramadhan?
    1. The Insane person
    2. The Pregnant and breast-feeding women
    3. The Traveler and the (not chronically) ill

    The Manners of Fasting
    1. Eating the Suhoor (the predawn meal)
    2. Hastening in breaking the fast
    3. Supplications while breaking the fast
    4. Refraining from performing any actions that do not befit the fasting
    5. Using the Siwak [tooth stick brush]
    6. Being generous and studying the Qur'an
    7. Praying in the nights of Ramadan

    The Virtues of Fasting in General and within Ramadan in particular
    1. A means to attain Taqwa
    2. A merciful recommendation from Allah
    3. The practice of the Prophets
    4. A great reward for those who fast
    5. A means to cut sexual desires
    6. The supplication of the fasting person is granted
    7. A Means of intercession on the Day of Judgement
    8. In Ramadan there is Laylatul Qadr (the night of Decree)
    9. A `Umra in Ramadan is equivalent to Hajj
    10. A Means of Forgiveness
    11. Fasting is also a means of expiations for various sins
      1. During Hajj
      2. Hunting while in a state of Ihraam during Hajj
      3. Accidently killing a person from a people with whom you have a treaty
      4. Violating an oath
      5. Dhihaar
    12. Fasting in Ramadan: A Way to Paradise

    The Last 10-Days of Ramadan
    1. Praying in the last ten nights of Ramadan
    2. Performing I`tikaf in the Masjid (seclusion in the Mosque)
    3. Seeking Laylatul-Qadr (the Night of Decree)

  1. Educating your children in Ramadan
  2. Zakat ul-Fitr
  3. Conclusion
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