Celebrations In Islaam
Zakaat ul-Fitr

Types
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The practice of the Prophet saws and his companions was to give zakaat ul-fitr in the form of food. Abu Sa`eed al-Khidree (radiAllahu `anhu) narrated:
"(At the time of the Prophet saws) we used to give out zakaat ul-fitr as one saa` of ta`aam (food), one saa` of barley, one saa` of dates, one saa` of aqit (dried yogurt), or one saa` of raisins. At that time, our food used to be barley, raisins, aqi, and dates."1

     The scholars differ in understanding the "food" referred to in this report. From this report, it is easy to conclude that it refers to grains and other types of food which can be measured with a container. This is confirmed by various reports from the sahaabah (radiAllahu `anhum). For example, Ibn `Abbaas (radiAllahu `anhu) said:
"The sadaqah of Ramadaan is one saa` of food. Thus, he who brings wheat, it will be accepted from him; he who brings barley, it will be accepted from him; he who brings dates, it will be accepted from him; he who brings rye, it will be accepted from him; he who brings raisins, it will be accepted from him ..."2
     The above hadeeths further indicate that one may not give it in the form of money; nor may one give it using other types of food, such as meat or butter. Since it is an act of worship, it must be performed in accordance with the Sunnah.      However, one may determine the approximate monetary value of the goods that he wants to give, and give that to an individual or organization that he trusts to buy the correct types. It is important that when it reaches the recipients, it is in a form permissible by the Sunnah.
  1. Al-Bukhaaree.  - Back to text 
     
  2. Recorded by Ibn Khuzaymah with an authentic chain (al-Hilaalee).  - Back to text 
     
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