Celebrations In Islaam

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A `Eed is any day of gathering. It is derived from `Aada (meaning returned), because people return to it periodically. Some scholars say that it derives from `Aadah (custom or practice) because people are accustomed to celebrating it. Its plural is A`yaad. Ibn ul-`Araabee said:
"It is called `Eed because it returns every year with renewed happiness."1

     Ibn `Aabidayn said:
`Eed days are thus named because Allaah (SWT) renews His bounties in them; and He distributes His blessings to His worshippers. Thus on `Eed ul-Fitr, He permits them to eat after having been restrained from food; and He requires paying sadaqat ul-fitr (the charity of breaking the fast) to the needy.
      "And on `Eed ul-Adha, He permits the completion of Hajj (pilgrimage) with the final tawaaf (circulating around al-Ka`bah); and He requires offering sacrifices and distributing their meat, etc.
      "Also, it is customary for people to be joyful, happy, and to rejoicing during the `Eed days."2

  1. Lisaan ul-`Arab. - Back to text 
  2. Haasheeyatu Ibn `Aabidayn. - Back to text 
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