The Belief in the Hereafter

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The Belief in the Hereafter

53. Allah has predecreed a term for each individual, and a term for the life of this world. Its end will be marked by the sounding of the Horn, then it will sound again and mankind shall be resurrected to stand before the Lord of the Worlds on the Day of Requital(1).
1- "And the trumpet will be blown, and all who are in the heavens and the earth will swoon away save him who Allah wills. Then it will be blown a second time. Then behold they will be standing and looking on." 39.68

54. Jannah and Hell Fire are two everlasting created things that are already in existence. The people of Jannah (paradise), without doubt shall enter it on the Day of Judgment, and the people of Hell shall have to fall into it; they shall not find any room to turn aside or back away from it.

2- There are many ayat in Qur'an, and authentic traditions in the Sunnah confirming this fact, e.g., on Jannah: 57.21, on Hell: 3.131. As for the Sunnah it suffices to refer to hadeeth on the subject of the miraj (the ascending of the Prophet up to the heavens where he actually saw both Jannah and Hell. The traditionists have recorded his account of what he saw in both of them. I quote here a sample of such traditions. Imran narrated: The Prophet (Peace be on Him) said: "I looked into Jannah and saw that the majority of its people were poor, and I looked into the Fire and saw that the majority of its people were women." Bukhari Vol.VIII, p.362.

55. Allah will ultimately remove from Hell those believers who entered it because of sins they committed, which were neither forgiven by Allah nor atoned for by good deeds in their lifetimes(3).

3- Refer to Para. 48.

56. The joy and bliss in Jannah are sensual realities, and so is the torment of Hell Fire(4). Both bliss and torment are graphically described by Allah in His Book and by the Prophet(Peace be on Him) in his traditions.

4- The verses dealing with this fact leave no room for those who deivated from the right path to insert their false allegation that the bliss and torment in the Hereafter are merely spiritual. Allah prepared for the people of Jannah things to eat, palaces to live in and beautiful females to mate with while the people of the Hell will eat bitter plants and the secretion of wounds, and drink boiling water, as described in Surah 56.15-56.

57. The residents of Jannah will certainly find there things that no eye has seen, and no ear has heard of and no human mind has imagined. The people of Hell Fire will certainly find there torment and suffering that they could never think of nor imagine, "for that day His torment will be such as none else can inflict and His bond will be such as none (other) can bind." 89.25-26. We ask Allah to make us not of the latter.

58. Anyone who is to be of the people of Jannah, shall be at peace in his grave, and anyone who is to be of the people of Hell shall be tortured in his grave. Thus, peace and torture in the grave are facts, as is the in terrogation by the two angels therein(5).

5- Allah describes the punishment in the grave of the people of Fir'awn (Pharoah): "The Fire; they are exposed to it, morning and evening, and when the Final Hour is established (it will be said) 'cause Pharoah's folk to enter the severest torment."' 40.46. Masrook narrated: 'A'ishah said that a Jewess came to her and mentioned the punishment in the grave, saying to her 'May Allah protect you from the punishment of the grave.' 'A'ishah then asked Allah's Apostle about the punishment in the grave. He said: 'Yes, (there is) punishment in the grave.' 'A'ishah said: 'After that I never saw Allah's Apostle without seeking refuge with Allah from the punishment in the grave."' Bukhari Vol.II, p.256.

59. There are signs of the Final Hour, both major and minor, some of which Allah mentioned in His Book, which are clearly explained by the Prophet(Peace be on Him). Of the major ones are the Beast of the Earth(6); the descent of the Messiah, Issa son of Maryam, from heaven to earth in Damascus(7), from whence he will rule in accordance with the Qur'an break the cross, kill the swine and waive the Jizyah(8); the appearance of ad-Dajjal and Gog and Magog(9); and the eruption of a fire in Aden which will drive the people to the Land of Congregation(10) (of the Day of Judgment).

6- "And when the Word is fulfilled against them, We shall produce from the earth a beast to speak to them (to people)." 27.82.

7- Abu Hurairah narrated: Allah's Apostle said: "By him in Whose hand my soul is, surely Issa (Jesus) the son of Maryam will soon descend amongst you as a just ruler; he will break the cross (thus declaring the religion of Nassara null and void), kill the swine and waive the Jizyah." Bukhari Vol.lV, p.437.

8- Jizyah is a form of tax paid by non-Muslims to the Muslim government to which they are subject in lieu of participating in military service, and to ensure their protection. It is imposed only on those who can afford it.

9- The Prophet(Peace be on Him) described al-Dajjal (pseudo-Christ) saying: "He would be a young man with twisted curly hair and with a blind eye. . . He amongst you who would survive to see him should recite over him the opening verses of Suratul-Kahf (No.18). He would appear on the way between Syria and Iraq, and would spread mischief right and left.

O slaves of Allah, adhere to the path of truth." We said: "Allah's Messenger, haw long would he stay on the earth?" He said, "Forty days, one day like a year, and one day like a month, and one day like a week, and the rest of the days would be like your days." We said: "Allah's Messenger, would one day's prayer suffice for the prayers of a day equal to one year?" Thereupon he said, "No, but you must make an estimate of time (and observe prayers accordingly)." We said: "Allah's Messenger, how quickly would he walk upon the earth?" There upon he said: "Like a cloud driven by the wind. He would come to the people and invite them (to a wrong religion) and they would affirm their faith in him and respond to him."

The Prophet(Peace be on Him) went on to say that ad-'Dijal' later on would be killed by Issa. Thereafter Gog and Magog would swarm down from every slope ("until when Gog and Magog are let loose, and they swiftly swarm from every hill." 21.96). The first of them would pass the lake of Tiberias and drink out of it: when the last of them would pass it he would say: "There was once water there!" Allah would send worms (which would attach thelr necks) and in the morning they would perish as a single person. Allah's Apostle Issa and his companions would then come down from Tur (a place to which Allah commanded Issa to take the believers as a safe refuge from Gog and Magog) and they would not find in the earth the space of a single span which was not filled with the putrefaction and stench of the corpses of Gog and Magog. Allah's Apostle and his companions would then beseech Allah, vho would send birds whose necks would be like those of bactrian camels and they would carry them (the carcasses of Gog and Magog) and throw them where Allah would will.

Then Allah would send rain, which no house of clay nor tent (made of camel's hair) would keep out. It would wash the earth shiny clean. The earth will be told to bring forth its fruits and restore its blessings. There would grow a pomegranate so big that a group of persons would be able to eat it, and seek shelter under its skin. A cow would give so much milk that a whole tribe would be able to drink of it. At that time Allah would send a pleasant wind which would soothe people. It would hold them by their armpits, and would take the life of every believer and every Muslim. Only the wicked would survive, and they would commit adultery like asses (in public). The Final Hour would come to them." Muslim, Vol.lV, p.1517-1518.

10- The hadeeth of Fire is recorded by Muslim in book 53-13.

60. Of the minor signs of the Final Hour are the contraction of time, the prevalence of afflictions and bloodletting(11), the outnumbering of men by women(12), the fight between the Muslims and the Jews(13), and joining together in battle of the Muslims and Nasara against the infidels, followed by another fight between the Muslims and Nasara resulting in the defeat of the latter(14).

11- Abu Hurairah related that the Prophet(Peace be on Him) said that of the signs of the Final Hour are: "The contraction of time, decrease of (religious) knowledge, prevalence of niggardliness, appearance of afflictions and the increase of bloodshed." (Ibnu Majah E 36/26)

12- Also of the signs of the Final Hour are: "Diminishing of (the number of) men to the point that there will be left one man for every fitty women." Ibid.

13- Abu Hurairah reported Allah's Messenger(Peace be on Him) as saying: the last Hour would not come till the Muslims fight against the Jews, and the Muslims will kill them until the Jews hide themselves behind the stones and trees, and the stones and trees would speak up saying: 'O Muslim! O slave of Allah There is a Jew hiding behind me; come and kill him'. The Gharqad tree would speak, for it is the tree of the Jews." Muslim Vol.IV p.1510

14- Dhi Makhmor reported: "I heard the Prophet(Peace be on Him) saying: The Romans (Nasara) will enter into a peace-pact with you, and you will raid along with them an enemy people and will conquer them, gain the spoil and return safely to sojourn in a hilly pasture land. A man of the people of the cross will raise the cross up and say: " The cross made the victory." 'Thereupon a Muslim man would stand up in anger and kill him. At that point, the Romans will breach the pact and gather themselves for the massacre." Ibnu Majah, 36/35.

61. The Final Hour will not come until Rome is conquered, nor until the apperance at the end of time, of al-Mahdi, who is from the Ummah of Muhammad, whose name is the same as the Apostle's name, and whose name is the same as the Apostle's name, and whose father's name is Abdullah(15). Al-Mahdi is not the "hidden mahdi", Mohamed, son of al-Hassan al-Askari of the Shiites(16).

15- Abdullah narrated; "The Prophet(Peace be on Him) said: 'If there were only one day left in the life of this world, Allah would prolong it to send a man from my family vhose name is like mine, and whose father's name is like my father's!" Abu Dawood - Book Al-Mahdi, p.l06.

16- The hadeeth (cited above in footnote 15) refutes the allegation made by the Shiites that the awaited Mahdi is he whom they falsely claim to be the son of al-Hasan al-Askari. In addition, historians have shown that Hasan al-Askari did not even have any surviving issue.

62. The Day of Judgment will last fifty thousand calendar years(17), during which time people will stand before their Lord to receive His sentence(18). He will judge between them on the masters wherein they used to differ(19). They will be distinct in respect of their iman and their ranks(20). The Mizan(21) is a fact, and as Sirat(22) is a fact, and the intercession of the Chief of the Messengers is a fact(23), and the intercession by those entitled to it by Allah is a fact(24).

17- Upon hearing the ayah "The angels and the Spirit ascend to Him in a Day the measure whereof is fifty thousand years." [70.4], people said to the Prophet(Peace be on Him): "What a long day this will be!" Thereupon the Prophet(Peace be on Him) said: "By the One In Whose Hand is my soul, it will be alleviated for the believer-till it becomes shorter than the time of one prescribed prayer he used to pray in this world.'' Ahamad and Ibun Jareer.

18- Think they not that they will be raised up, on a Great Day, a day when all mankind will stand before the Lord of the Worlds?" 83.4,5,6

19- Allah will Judge between them on the Day of Resurrection about that wherein they have been differing." 2.113

20- ". . . of them are some who wrong themselves and of them are some who mix good deeds with bad, and of them are some who outstrip (others) through good deeds, by Allah's leave..." 35.32

21- The scale which will be set up on the Day of Judgment for weighing the deeds of men.

22- 'Sirat' is a bridge extending over the midst of Hell, and over it mankind will pass. Upon being asked: "What is the bridgel?" The Prophet(Peace be on Him) said: (It is) slippery. On it, there are hooks, tongs and spits like the thorns that are found in Najd known as as-sa'dan. The believers would pass over it in the twinkling of an eye, like lightning, like wind, like birds, like the finest horses and camels. Some will escape and be safe, some will be lacerated and let go, and some will be pushed into the Fire of Hell. . ." Muslim, Vol.l, p.118

Al-Miqdad reported the Prophet(Peace be on Him) to have said: 'The people would be submerged in perspiration according to their deeds some up to the knees, some up to the waist and some would have the bridle of perspiration.' While saying this, Allah's Apostle(Peace be on Him) pointed his hand towards his mouth. Sahih Muslim Vol.lV, p.1488.

Abu Hurairah reported that the Apostle(Peace be on Him) of Allah had said: "Seven are (the persons) Whom Allah would give protection with this Shade (i.e., the shade of His Arsh) on the Day (of Judgment) when there would be no Shade but His: A just ruler; a youth who grew up with the worship of Allah: a person whose heart is attached to the mosques (who loves to spend most of his time in the mosque), two persons who love each other and meet each other and depart from each other for the sake of Allah, a man whom a beautiful woman of high rank tries to seduce, but he refuses (to respond) saying: "I fear Allah"; a person who gives charity and cornceals it (to such an extent) that the left hand does not know what the right hand has given; and a person who remembered Allah in private and his eyes shed tears." Sahih Muslim Vol.II, p.493.

23- Refer to para. 48.

24- Allah will allow some people other than Muhammad(Peace be on Him), such as other prophets, angels and believers, to intercede on belhalf of others on the Day of Judgement.

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