The Belief in the Apostles of Allah
The Belief in the Apostles of Allah
41. Allah Ta'ala chose from mankind prophets and apostles to guide and invite
people to the way of Allah. The first of them was Adam and the last of them
and their Seal was Muhammad(Peace be on Him), after whom there shall be no
prophet. They are all brothers-in-faith and inviters unto the Lord of the
Worlds. Although their laws were different they share the same `aqeedah(1).
1- "And We did not send any apostle before you (O Muhammad) but We revealed
to him that there is none who has the right to be worshipped but I (Allah) so
worship Me (alone and none else)."
42. All of the apostles are protected from attributing to Allah something of
their own invention, judging according to their own desires, falling into major
sins and adding to or diminishing from the religion. They are directed by Allah
to be upright in the disposition of their affairs. As they were human, they
could make mistakes in matters not pertainlng to religion, but Allah did not
endorse any erroneous judgment they may have made(2).
2- "He, (Allah) protects them until He sees that they (the apostles) have
conveyed the message of their Lord and He surrounds all that which is with
them and He keeps account of all things."
43. The apostles were human beings like we are. None of them was made of
the light of Allah or of the light of His `Arsh(3), as some infidels among Muslims
allege with regards to the nature of Muhammad(Peace be on Him). Nor were
they made of the word of Allah, as the Nassdra (Christians) allege with
regards to `Eissa (Jesus)(4). They experienced sickness, pain and death just like
their fellow human beings.
3- "Say (O'Muhammad) I am but a man like yourselves; the revelation has
come to me that your Lord Is One."
4- The Christians subscribe to the belief that "the word of Allah was made
flesh and dwelt among them." "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word
was with God, and the Word was God." Gospel of Saint John.
44. It is only because they achieved full submission to Allah, that He honoured
them with the Divine assignment. They are the most perfect in belief, most
God-fearing and most knowledgeable among the believers. Not one of them
called people to magnify himself rather they called all people to worship Allah
5- "It is not (possible) that a man to whom is given the book and wisdom and
the Prophetic office should say to people: Be you my worshippers rather than
Allah's (on the contray he would say): Be you worshippers of Him Who is truly
the cherisher of all."
45. Of the unseen the Apostles knew only that which Allah revealed to them.
They made public what they learned, and they concealed nothing of what was
revealed to them(6).
6- "He (alone) knows the unseen. He does not make anyone acquainted with His
Um 'Alaa' narrated; The Prophet(Peace be on Him) said: ".
. . By Allah, I do not know what Allah will do with me (in this world) though I
am Allah's Apostle." Bukhari Vol.I p. 190.
46. Muhammad(Peace be on Him) is the Seal of Prophets and Apostles, their
head and the best of them in the sight of Allah(7). He has the highest degree in
the estimation of Allah. He delivered the message perspicuously and concealed
nothing of that which was revealed to him by the Lord of the Worlds.
7- "Muhammad is not the father of any of your men but, (he is) the Apostle of
Allah and the Seal of Prophets."
47. No one shall maintain perfect belief unless the love he holds for the
Messenger of Allah, Muhammad(Peace be on Him) is greater than the love he
holds for his parent, children and himself, and honours, reveres and follows
His message, and places obedience to Him above his obedience to any other
8- Anas narrated: The Prophet(Peace be on Him) said: "None of you shall have
faith till he loves me more than his father, his children and all mankind
Bukhari." Vol. VI, p.19.
48. On the Day of Judgment, the Prophet Muhammad(Peace be on Him) shall
be able to make the Greater Intercession for mankind(9), that Allah may give
His verdict and let people depart the place of congregation. At this point Allah
will permit him too, to intercede for a number of believers, that they may be
admitted into paradise. We affirm the fact that his intercession will also be
for the disobedient among the believers(10). We affirm that the Messenger will
intercede only for those for whom Allah permits it.
9- Preferring him over His other Prophets and Messengers, Allah favoured
Muhammad(Peace be on Him) by granting him the Greater Intercession on the
Day of Judgment Anas bin Malik narrated: The Prophet(Peace be on Him) said:
"Allah would gather people on the Day of Resurrection and they would be
concerned about it." (Ibnu Ubeid elaborated upon this saying: 'The people
would be inspired to look for someone to intercede on their behalf.') The
people would say: "If we could seek intercession with our Lord, we may be
relieved from this predicament of ours." The Prophet Muhammad(Peace be on
Him) said: "They would come to Adam and say: 'You are Adam, the father of
mankind, Allah created you with His Own hand and breathed into you of His
spirit and commanded the angels and they prostrated before you, so intercede
for us with your Lord that He may relieve us from this position of ours.' He
would say, 'I am not in a position to do this, and would recall his error and
would feel shy of His Lord on account of that." The hadeeth is too long to be
quoted in its entirety, but in brief, Adam would direct people to Noah, who in
turn would direct them to Ibraheem, after recalling his error Ibraheem would
direct them to Musa who directs them to Issa (Jesus). Finally Issa refrains
from interceding saying: 'You should go to Muhammad(Peace be on Him) a
servant whose former and latter sins have been forgiven." He, (the
narrator) said: the Messenger of Allah observed: "So they would come to me
and I would ask the permission of my Lord and it would be granted to me, and
when I would see Him, I would fall down in prostration, and He (Allah) would
leave me thus as long as He would wish, and then it would be said: 'O
Muhammad, raise your head, say and you would be heard; ask and it would be
granted; intercede and intercession would be accepted. . ." Muslim Vol. I p.
10- Abu Sa'eed al-Khudri reported: Verily the Messenger of Allah said: "Allah
will admit into paradise those deserving of paradise, and He will admit whom
He wishes, out of His mercy, and He will admit those condemned to Hell, into
the Fire. He would then say: 'See, he whom you find having as much faith in
his heart as a grain of mustard, bring him out.' They will then be brought out,
burned and turned into charcoal and would be cast into the river of life, and
they would sprout as does a seed in the silt carried away by a flood. . .'
Muslim Vol.I p. 119.
49. Allah sent Muhammad(Peace be on Him) to all peoples(11), Arabs and
non-Arabs alike, and the message he brought will be in force until the final
Hour. He is Allah's Apostle to mankind as well as to jinn(12).
11- Say: "(0 Muhammad) O Men! I am sent unto you all as the Apostle of
12- It is a fact that the Prophet Muhammad(Peace be on Him) was sent not
only to mankind but to the jinn as well. In confirmation of this Allah says:
"And (remember) when We turned towards you (O Muhammad) some of the
jinn listening to the Qur'an; when they attended its recitation they said 'listen
in silence'. And when it was finished they returned to their people to warn
them: 'O our people respond with obedience to Allah's caller (i.e., Allah's
apostle Muhammad(Peace be on Him) and believe in him (in his message.'
[Allah] will forgive sins of yours and will save you from a painful torment."
There is a whole Surah entitled, 'AI-Jinn' No.
72 which confirms
the fact that Muhammad(Peace be on Him) is sent for both men and jinn.
50. The veracity and straightforwardness of Muhammad(Peace be on Him)
were manifested by the amazing miracles he performed. Allah revealed to
him the miraculous Qur'an, and He transported him to Jerusalem in one
night(13). The believers bear witness too that in that night, he was taken to
heaven where he saw angels and Apostles and spoke to them(14). Allah the
Exalted spoke to him, honoured him and made obligatory on him and on his
Ummah (nation) prayer five times a day(15).
13- "Praise be to Him who took His slave (Muhammad(Peace be on Him)) for a
journey by night from the Sacred Mosque (in Jerusalem) the surroundings
whereof We have blessed, that We might show him of Our signs. Verily He is
the All-Hearer, the All-Seer."
14- The authentic ahadeeth indicate, implicitly as well as explicitly, that the
Prophet(Peace be on Him) saw the angels. I refer in particular to the one
recorded by Bukhari Vol.I. The Prophet(Peace be on Him) was reported to
have said: "Then he(Jibril) took my hand, and
ascended with me to the nearest heaven. Jibril said to the gatekeeper of the
Heaven: 'Open(the gate).' The gatekeeper asked: 'Who is it?' Jibril answered:
'Jibril.' He asked: 'Is there anyone with you?' Jibril replied: 'Yes,
Muhammad(Peace be on Him) is with me.' He asked, 'Has he been called?'
Jibril said: 'Yes!' So the gate was opened. . . " In the same hadeeth mentioned
above, the Prophet(Peace be on Him) mentioned that he passed by some
Apostles such as Adam, Ibraheem, Edrees, Musa and others and he exchanged
greetings with them. They welcomed him saying: 'Welcome O pious Prophet. .. '"
15- The Prophet(Peace be on Him) described how salaah was enjoined
(according to the narration of Anas bin Malik) saying: "Then Jibril ascended
with me to a place where I heard the creaking of the pens. . . Then Allah
enjoined fifty prayers a day on the Muslims. Musa said: Go back to your Lord
(and appeal for a reduction), for your followers will not be able to bear it.
So, I went back to Allah and requested a reduction, and He reduced it to half. .
." The Prophet(Peace be on Him) went back and forth between Musa and Allah
asking for further reductions until Allah reduced the prayer to five times a
day saying: "These are five prayers and they are all (equal to) fifty (in
reward) for My word does not change. . ." Bukhari Vol.I.
51. Of the miracles performed by the Prophet(Peace be on Him) were: The
springing of water from between his fingers(16), feeding hundreds of people
from food that normally would not suffice a few tens of people(17), the sound
of grief made by the trunk of a tree in his presence(18), the praising of Allah
by pebbles and food in his hands(19), and the communication of a complaint
made to him by a camel(20).
16- Anas bin Malik narrated: "I saw Allah's Apostle(Peace be on Him) when
the Asr prayer was due, and the people searched for water to perform
ablution, but they could not find it. Later on a pot containing water, enough
for one ablution, was brought to Allah s Apostle(Peace be on Him). He put his
hand in that pot and ordered the people to perform ablution from it. I saw the
water springing out from between his fingers untill all of the people
performed the ablution." Bukhari Vol.I., p 118.
17- Jabir bin Abdullah narrated: "When the trench was dug (in preparation for
the battle against the mushrikeen) I saw the Prophet(Peace be on Him) in a
state of extreme hunger. So I returned to my wife and said: Have you got
anything to eat She brought one Saa' of barley, and we had an animal which I
slaughtered while my wife ground the barley. She finished at the time I
finished butchering the animal. I cut the meat and put it in a pot to cook. Jabir
then asked the Prophet(Peace be on Him) to come with only a few of his
companions for a meal because what was there would barely suffice a small
number of people. The Prophet(Peace be on Him) started distributing the
bread and meat till they all ate their fill, and even then some food remained.
Then he said to Jabir's wife, 'Eat and present to others as the people are
struck with hunger.'" Bukhari Vol. V. p.296.
18- Jabir bin Abdullah narrated: "The Prophet(Peace be on Him) used to stand
by the trunk of a date-palm tree (while delivery his khutbah.) When the pulpit
s set up for him (and he mounted it to deliver the khutbah) we heard that tree
trunk crying like a pregnant she-camel
till the Prophet(Peace be on Him) got down from the pulpit and placed his hand
over it." Bukhari Vol.II. p. 19.
19- "During a visit paid to the Prophet(Peace be on Him) by the first three
Khulafa, Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman, the Prophet(Peace be on Him) picked up
seven or nine pebbles and put them in his hand. Thereupon they made tas-beeh
(praising Allah) in audible sounds like that of the bees. . ." Al-Bazzar.
20- Ya'Li reported that he had witnessed amazing incidents when he was in the
company of the Apostle of Allah. Of those incidents, he reported that a camel
came to him. He saw tears in its eyes, whereupon he called for its owners
and told them: "The camel is complaining that you will keep drawing water
with it until it becomes old and then you will slaughter it. Do not kill it, let it
be with the company of the camels." Ahmad 4-173
52. Allah made Muhammad(Peace be on Him) excel the other Apostles, giving
him jawami-al-Kalim(21), and victory by filling the hearts of his enemies with
terror, making the earth a place for prayer and a means of purification for
him and his followers, making spoils of war lawful for him, sending him as a
Messenger to all mankind(22) and making him the last of the Prophets. And we
bear witness that the Howd(23) in Jannah is a reality; we ask Allah to give us
to drink from it.
21- Abu Hurairah reported the Prophet(Peace be on Him) as saying: "I have
been sent with jawami al-kalim" (conciseness of speech; having many
meanings comprised in a few words) Muslim, Vol.l p.265.
22- Jabir bin Abdullah narrated: The Prophet(Peace be on Him) said: "I have
been given five things which were not given to any of the Prophets; Allah
made me victorious by means of terror (filling the hearts of my enemies) at a
distance of one month's journey. The earth has been made for me a place for
praying and a means of purification (tayammum or dry ablution); therefore
my followers can pray whenever the time of prayer is due. The spoils of war
have been made lawful for me; it was never made so for anyone else. Every
prophet was sent particularly to his own people, whereas I was sent to all
mankind and the line of prophets is closed with me." Bukhari & Muslim.
23- There are numerous authentic traditions concerning al-Howd or the pool of
the Apostle, which is referred to in the Qur'an in Surah 108 entitled
'Al-Kawthar'(which is the name of al-Howd). Abdullah bin Amr narrated: the
Prophet(Peace be on Him) said: "My Howd is so large that it takes a month's
journey to cross it. Its water is whiter than milk, and its scent is nicer than
musk, and its drinking cups are (as numerous) as the stars of the sky; and
whoever drinks from it, will never be thirsty." Bukhari, Vol.VIII, p.380. Only
the believers shall drink thereof, and will never be thirsty thereafter.